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Rome is the largest Italian city located in the Lazio region, in the central-western part of Italy. It is situated on the shores of River Tiber, and Vatican functions as an independent country within the city of Rome. The history of Rome dates back over two thousand years ago and the city is full of historic and cultural landmarks. It is one of the most visited cities in the world and the whole center of the city has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Roman Colosseum and Vatican City are the most visited places, regularly attracting millions of tourists each year. Throughout the city of Rome you will see plenty of buildings built in Romanesque, Baroque and neoclassical style. St. Peter`s Square and the Basilica in Vatican, along with the Sistine Chapel are all fantastic places to visit.
Rome has a Mediterranean climate. Summers are hot and dry, while winters are humid and cool. January and February are the coldest months with average daily temperatures around 12 C. July and August are the warmest months with average daily temperatures around 30 C.
In Rome there are almost one thousand churches of different sizes. A thing to have in mind is that all Rome churches have strict dress code and do not allow people to enter if they are dressed inappropriately. Besides churches, you will find hundreds of ancient palaces, art galleries, Roman ruins, amazing monuments, fountains and statues. Nightlife in Rome is also very rich, and the city is considered a shopping capital of the world. This grand city offers something interesting for everybody.
One great thing when it comes to visiting attractive spots in Rome is that Italians have one week in the year when they do not charge anything for entering the historical sites and other public landmarks. This free week usually happens in the middle of May and is called "Settimana dei Beni Culturali". During this week visiting all archeological and historic sites, palaces, gardens, ancient Forum and the Colosseum is free of charge.
Many of the attractions in Rome can be seen in the old part of the city. There you will feel like you are wandering on streets of a medieval village and not in the middle of a large city. Charming cobbled streets, all kinds of sculptures, fountains and paintings can be seen here. A must visit place in Old Rome is the Pantheon. It dates back from the year 125 AD and is well preserved landmark. Just south from the magnificent Colosseum you will find the attractive Baths of Caracalla, and on the Appian Way you will find plenty of attractive Roman ruins such as the tomb of Cecilia Metella, the Circus of Maxentius and the Roman aqueduct. In the modern part of the city you will see the Baths of Diocletian and nearby is the National Museum of Rome – a home of a very large collection of artifacts and sculptures. A trip to Rome would not be complete without entering the Vatican Museums and seeing the amazing Sistine Chapel.